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Keenes(ehent] 



THE INNER WALL 



Second 
Edition 



The Best Bros. Keene's Cement Co. 

MEDICINE LODGE, KANSAS 

Est. 1889 

NEW YORK CHICAGO 



Copyrighted 1917 

h 

THE BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT CO. 

Medicine Lodge, Kansas 





EING the story of Best 
Bros. Keene's Cement, 
with an outline of its 
many valuable qualities, its wide 
range of usefulness, and the 
advantages it offers to its users. 



EST, 1888 



[Keehes(ement] 



TRADE MARK 



The Inner Wall 

FOREWORD— 

Seventy-eight years have passed since R. W. Keene patented the "improved 
plaster" that still bears his name. Unusual merit is indicated by the increasing 
use of any article over so long a period of time, and the reasons for the continued 
supremacy of Keene's Cement among plastering materials are not far to seek. 

The dominant characteristics of Keene's Cement are a high tensile strength, 
beauty of appearance and exceptional toughness and durability. It also possesses 
the advantages of being comparatively slow setting, of re-tempering without injury, 
and of keeping indefinitely when properly stored. 

The numerous improvements in manufacturing introduced in recent years have 
been made with the object of raising the already high standard of the material, 
and securing a uniform product. 

PERSONAL— 

Keene's Cement was first manufactured in the United States in the year 1 889 
when the business of The Best Bros. Keene's Cement Company was started at 
Medicine Lodge, Kansas. 

The location of their mills at that point was not accidental, but was the 
result of careful investigation. The first essential in manufacturing Keene's Cement 
is purity of the raw material, and of the many deposits of rock examined, the one 
near Medicine Lodge was found to be the most suitable. Government reports 
show the rock in their quarries to be "practically pure," and they know of no 
other deposit of equal quality. 

The Best Bros. Keene's Cement Company are the original and largest man- 
ufacturers of this material in the United States. The steady growth of their 
business during the past twenty-seven years has enabled them to greatly reduce 
the prices at which Keene's Cement formerly retailed, and it is now possible to 
obtain the many advantages offered by a Keene's Cement finish at a cost very 
little more than that of ordinary plaster. 



Best Bros. Keene's Cement is not a hard wall plaster, and plaster of paris 
in any form does not enter into its composition. Both in the process of man- 
ufacture and resulting material, Keene's Cement differs widely from ordinary 
plasters. The most important qualities of this material which are not found in 
hard plaster are that Keene's Cement is naturally slow setting; it does not con- 
tain any retarder or free chemical ; if properly stored it will keep for years without 
deteriorating; it is not injured by re-tempering, and it can be made only from the 
purest grade of gypsum rock. 



l*age Four 



PERMANENCY— 

Best Bros. Keene's Cement not only sets slowly, but hardens slowly — walls 
plastered with it are appreciably harder in six months than in one. It does not 
turn soft or chalky, and any form of mural decoration may be applied with entire 
confidence in its resulting permanency. While Best Bros. Keene's Cement pos- 
sesses such a high tensile strength, it is not hard or brittle. When mixed with the 
proper proportion of lime, it makes a plaster that is essentially tough and durable, 
and will give satisfactory service for as long as any other part of the structure. 

Reference has been made to the fact that Best Bros. Keene's Cement will 
keep indefinitely if properly stored. It does not deteriorate and will attain the 
same degree of strength after several years ;n it would when first made. An 
architect may safely specify Best Bros. Keene's Cement with the knowledge that 
the material delivered at the building will be of good quality whether it is in B 
large city or a small one whether supplied from warehouse stock or direct from 
the mills. 

RETEMPERING— 

The inherent property of Best Bros. Keene's Cement to stand re-tempering 
is one of the greatest importance. Of all plastering materials, only lime and 
Keene's Cement may be re-mixed without injury to their quality. If any attempt 
is made to re-temper plaster of paris, or any composition of which it forms a 
part, it becomes "dead" or loses its setting power. A very small quantity of 
"dead" plaster mixed in with a batch of fresh material will spoil the whole amount, 
while if such plaster is applied to the wall it is certain to cause trouble and expense. 
This danger is avoided when Best Bros. Keene's Cement is used. Whenever 
necessary, it can be re-mixed until again of the required consistency. Keene's 
Cement is never "dead" until it has set too hard to be broken down, so that all 
the material applied to the wall is sure to be of proper quality and to attain its 
full strength. This same feature makes Best Bros Keene's Cement well adapted 
to water floating, and the finish coat can be worked over until any desired degree 
of smoothness or polish is obtained and all marks of joinings between the different 
batches are eliminated. 

ECONOMY— 

The re-tempering property of Best Bros. Keene's Cement results in an entire 
absence of waste. In applying the base coat, the droppings from the walls can 
be re-mixed and used with perfect safety. Every pound of Best Bros. Keene's 



Page Five 



Cement that goes into a building is put where it belongs — on the walls. The 
droppings do not have to be hauled away as rubbish when the building is cleaned up. 

ORNAMENTAL PLASTERING— 

Every form of decorative treatment is available where Best Bros. Keene's 
Cement is used. The firm, compact surface that it presents offers an ideal base 
for painting and enamelling, and this work may be done in a few days after 
the plastering is completed. Owing to the absence of free chemical in its com- 
position, the most delicate color schemes may be applied with no danger of stains 
or fading. 

Castings and moldings executed in Best Bros. Keene's Cement come out 
as the architect designed them, with clean cut edges and a strong, close texture. 
Ornamental plastering of any kind, so placed that furniture or people may be 
brought into contact with it, necessitates the use of Keene's Cement, as no other 
material of this nature develops sufficient strength to avert chipping of comers 
and edges. 

Scagliola, or Art Marble work, is usually executed entirely in Keene's 
Cement, and for this purpose special grades are made which become so hard that 
can be polished to as high a finish as natural marble. 

Keene's Cement is largely used in the manufacture of Caen Stone, Travertine 

tie and other finishes of this class, which of late have enjoyed such a marked 

popularity for interior decorative effects. Three of the best known and most 

reliable brands of Caen Stone Finish on the market today are made from Best 

Bros. Keene's Cement. 

Where cornices, columns or capitals have to be built up on a base of metal 
lath, Best Bros. K men! may safely be used as it does not corrode the 

makes a superior stainless mortar for laying white stone, marble 
and tile in interior work. 

ADAPTABILITY-- 

Best Blot, k ment may be applied over any ordinary base such as 

wood and metal lath, brick, tile and concrete. It has been used as a finish over 

rete in many large buildings, and when the simple directions for use are 
followed, it will give complete satisfaction. No chipping, or other elaborate 
preparation of the concrete base is necessary. 



Pflfl 



The suitability of Best Bros. Keene's Cement for the interior finish of certain 
types of buildings is dealt with in the following pages. 



If you are interested in the use of Keene's Cement, let us send you a copy 
of our latest Specification Booklet — the most comprehensive work of reference 
on this material that has yet been published. 




Archit( cl : Isaac Taylor 



JEFFERSON MEMORIAL 

ST LOUIS, MISSOURI 

All Ornamental Plastering Executed in 
BEST BROS. KEENE'S CEMENT 



Page Seven 



Federal Buildings 

VITRUVIUS, an ancient writer on art, stated that there were three essen- 
tials in a fine building: — strength of construction, utility of purpose, and 

beauty of appearance. 

These are the qualities most sought after in the designing of Federal buildings. 
The style of architecture and the class of materials used are generally of a higher 
type than those of the surrounding structures, and set an advanced standard for 
future construction in that vicinity. 

It is a natural sequence that Best Bros. Keene's Cement has been largely used 
during recent years for the interior finish of Federal buildings. It possesses to 
a high degree the three qualities mentioned. It is the strongest and most durable 
of the various plastic materials suitable for interior plastering; it has a wide range 
of usefulness and adaptability, and it presents a white, smooth, compact surface 
that lends itself readily to any scheme of mural decoration. 

In 1907 the U. S. Bureau of Standards made an exhaustive series of tests 
to determine the suitability of Best Bros. Keene's Cement for use in Government 
buildings. A comparison made with what were admittedly the two best imported 
brands of Keene's Cement, showed that Best Bros. Keene's Cement was in every 
way equal to them, and exceeded them in certain of the tests for tensile strength. 
On the basis of thi- report, Best Bros. Keene's Cement was used for plastering 
the new Senate Office Building, and has since been employed for the interior 
of Federal buildings in all parts of the country. 



I L: In designing the more important Government buildings, it fre- 

tly happen- that the work is entrusted to architects not connected with the 

Treasury Department, and following the general policy of the Government, such 

are requested not to specify private brands, but merely the general 

of materials. 

If an architect finds it necessary to write an open specification for 

f American manufacture, we strongly urge the advisability of calling 
for "a DOMFS I IC Keene's Cement of approved quality." The word "DO- 
MESTIC" is the safest to use in this connection and is preferable to any other 
word of similar meaning. 







Architect* D. H. Burnham & Co. 



NEW U. S. POST OFFICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



THE New Cily Post Office at Washington, D. C. was completed in September 
1914 at a cost of $3,028,000. It has a staff of over 1050 employes and the 
annual cancellations exceed 115 million. 

In addition to housing the activities of the City Post Office Department proper, 
the building also provides for a library, a rifle range and fully equipped club rooms 
in the basement. 

The general style of the architecture is that of the monumental work of Roman 
times and is designed to harmonize with the adjoining Union Station. The main 
exterior motive consists of an Ionic colonnade flanked by corner pavilions treated 
with round arches, enclosed in a strong frame of columns and pilasters and sur- 
mounted by a solid attic bearing a dedicatory inscription. The exterior is of white 
marble, while the interior decorations are chiefly in marble and granite with Keene s 
Cement plastering throughout. 



Above building was plastered throughout with 
Best Bros. Keene's Cement 



Page Nint 



M 



State and Public Buildings 

ATERIALS intended for the interior finish of public buildings are usually 
selected on a basis of their initial cost, the service they will give, and 
their freedom from repair charges. 



There are few types of structures in which the plastering is subjected to 
harder usage than in schools, which constitute the largest class of public buildings. 
It is significant that Best Bros. Keene's Cement is largely used for the interior 
finish of school buildings, particularly in cities where the question of school con- 
struction has received the most careful attention. 

While the initial cost of using Best Bros. Keene's Cement is most reasonable, 
there are unquestionably cheaper materials. The economy of Best Bros. Keene's 
Cement is found in the long service it will give, and in its freedom from the 
necessity for future repairs. In figuring comparative costs, claims made as to 
the covering capacity of plasters are usually of little value. Heavy grounds 
are essential to a good job, and if a given thickness of plaster is to be applied 
over a certain surface, it will take a definite amount of material to do it. 

Even in cases where Best Bros. Keene's Cement is not used for the general 
plastering of a building, it is often specified as a wainscoting four to six feet high 
in all rooms and corridors. This is a striking tribute to the service that it gives, 
as the wainscot is the part of the wall where there is most chance of damage, and 

ie durability is therefore of prime importance. 

I he fire-retarding properties of gypsum are well known, and Best Bros. 
es this quality to a high degree. In view of the wide 
t concrete proofing public buildings, the adaptability of Best Bros. 

lit for plastering on concrete is of interest. No elaborate prepara- 
tion^ are accessary, and if the simple directions for use are followed, it will make 
bond with the concrete surface. 

W 1 nutated finish is required to relieve the monotony of 

large flat surfaces in halls or auditoriums, Best Bros. Keene's Cement will be 
found qu (-tempering property enables the edges of the batches 

to be worked over until all marks of joinings are eliminated. 

Cement is not hydraulic — it will withstand considerable 
lure, but it should not be used for tiling floors, lining swimming pools, or 
outside work. 



'h.n 




ATChto ■ • Palmer & Hornbtntel 



STATE EDUCATION BUILDING 

ALBANY . N ^ . 

Tl IIS is th»- lust building (.1 this ■ ■ ■< ted in the United Stales. Work 

ommenced in July l''"M and ihc building was dedicated on O 

\ l )\2. FKe contract price wai more than 

Die main facade consiiti oi i hu e colonnacl ful stylobate. 

Behind the colonnade i oi amjtlr proportions. The wall behind the i 

n,ide is broken by a icriei <>l large icrai circulai dlowing gn 

area and producing ■ ICCOndar) architectural effect. The entire facade is crowned 
by a solid wall which gives it unity ,»nd ttrCUgttl A modil 

treatment of the main Facade is carried ac ross the ends of the building. The main 
and end facades are constructed chiefly of mrhite marble and lerrs OOtts I he stylobale, 
or base, of the building is of grey granite and the rear wills are of brick and terra 
i otta. 

The building, which is itrictll Fireproof in every detail, houses the administrative 
offices of the Education Drpt. ol New York which Mate spends $72,000,000.00 a 
year on all branches of education. I he building also contains the State Library 
which has a capacity of over 2, (MR), (MM) volumes and holds many interesting relics 
and documents dating back as early as l(>t>4 It further contains the State Museum 
and an auditorium with a seating capacity of 1 

The architectural treatment of the interior is of considerable interest and has 
a dominating climax in a large rotunda located at the intersection o( large vaulted 
corridors. Over the rotunda, supported on pendentives is a circular colonnade which 
in turn supports a dome, containing a large skylight that provides direct daylight to 
the rotunda below. 



Best Bros. Keene's Cement was used for the ornamental plastering 
of the above building 



Page Eleven 



Hospitals 



IN ADDITION to the ordinary requirements of goo J construction, materials 
used in the interior finish of hospitals have to undergo strict scrutiny as to their 
sanitary qualities. In this connection it is of interest to note that for many 
years hospital construction has offered one of the largest fields for the use of 
Best Bros. Keene's Cement. 

The qualities that make this material so well adapted for plastering hospitals 
are that it Is strictly sanitary in itself, containing no retarder or free chemical: 
it can be trowelled to a smooth, firm, compact surface that offers no lodgment 
for dust or disease germs, while its strength and durability ensure that there will 
be no scaling or crumbling of the plastered walls and ceilings. 

As in the case of other buildings, specifications for a modern hospital usually 
call for the use of Best Bros. Keene's Cement in places where the plastering is 
subjected to the hardest usage. This applies not only to halls and corridors, 
where the wainscot has to resist direct blows, but to the operating and sterilizing 
rooms. Plaster can be given no more severe test than in a sterilizing room, where 
steam and moisture are always present, and the ability of Best Bros. Keene's 
Cement to stand up under such treatmemnt is convincing evidence as to its strength 
and durability. I horough investigations have shown that a finish of Best Bros. 
Keene's Cement, centred with a good enamel, will resist the action of steam 
sterilization for a much longei period than other interior plasters will do. 

The firm, inert base that Best Bros. Keene's Cement offers for painting or 
enamelling is oi value, not only in connection with its use in sterilizing rooms, 
but throughout the hospital. Strict sanitation requires that the walls in many parts 
of the building be frequently washed and it will be found that a painted or enam- 
elled fini C ement can be cleaned off or sterilized as often as 
ary. 

The g use of indirect lighting has brought out one important point — 

that (he efficiency of such a system depends partly on the smoothness of the 

lectinsj surface, which is frequently either a plastered cove or 

ceiling. 1 he fact that a Keene's Cement finish can be worked over until any 

desired A moodiness or polish is obtained, has led to its use in a numU-i 

where indirect light terns have been installed. The efficiency of 

ndoubtedly increased by the reflection of the light from the 

true and level surface of a Keene's Cement ceiling. 

In order to secure a stronger wall— particularly for the wainscot in public 

pitals -Portland cement is occasionally specified for the base coats, and 

Keel Hi for the finish. There are disadvantages in this practice however. 

n ry favorable circumstances, the cracks that usually develop in 

Portland cement base coat will extend through the finish and spoil it. I 

ment, used for both base and finish coats, makes a wall 
that is amply strong enough for wainscoting purpo ft 



. 




Architect: Paul Gerhardt 



COOK COUNTY HOSPITAL 

CHICAGO, ILL. 

THIS hospital was erected in 1912 and 1913 at a cost of over $3,200,000.00. 
The main building, fronting Harrison St., is of Renaissance architecture and is 
540 feet long, 250 feet wide and 8 stories high. From the main building four pa- 
vilions extend toward the south, the pavilions being five stories high with an English 
basement. Each floor of the pavilions is a complete hospital unit, so that twenty units 
are thus provided with a maximum capacity of 1200 patients. The building is 
designed so that it can be extended to care ultimately for 4000 chanty patients. 

One of the most notable features of the hospital scheme is the devotion of the 
entire eighth floor of the main building to 8 operating rooms and 2 clinic amphi- 
theatres with a gallery seating capacity of 1 50 students each. This operating floor 
is served by 8 elevators placing it in direct communication with each of the 20 ward 
units. Every care has been taken to make the operating floor the most perfect of 
its kind in the hope that it may become the great surgical center of the country. 

The hospital is ventilated by the introduction of fresh, washed air, has an 
electric system of signaling and is lighted by a semi-indirect electric system. The 
structure is fireproof throughout, equipped with all the latest medical and surgical 
devices of proven utility and is one of the finest municipal institutions of its kind 
in the United States. 



Best Bros. Keene's Cement used as a wainscot, six feet high, 
throughout each floor of this hospital 



Page Thirteen 



No plastic material could attempt to equal the hardness of a vitrified product, 
yet there are some respects in which Best Bros. Keene's Cement is superior to 
tiling. A Keene's Cement wall presents a solid, homogeneous surface: there 
are no mortar joints in it to collect dust or dirt, and no small pieces to loosen 
and fall out. The first cost of Best Bros, Keene's Cement is much lower than 
tiling: when enamelled it can be cleaned more readily and thoroughly on account 
of its smoother surface, and the strength of Keene's Cement is such that under 
ordinary conditions it will last as long as tiling. 



The following testimonial from Geo. H. Smith, architect of the Lakeside 
Hospital, Cleveland, suggests a few of the many ways in which Best Bros. 
Keene's Cement can be economically and satisfactorily used in hospital con- 
duction: — 

"In building Lakeside Hospital we sought to secure the best results in every- 
thing. For sanitary reasons, we gave preference to Best Bros. Keene's Cement 
for wainscots, windowstools, mantels, etc. We are so well satisfied with the 
results that we have undertaken to build the seats in the surgical amphitheatre 
with the same material." 

"The windowstools (nearly 1,000) about one foot wide and four feet long, 
by contract $2.25 each, and ninety mantels, $1 1 each. The window and 
door jambs are also made of Best Bros. Keene's Cement." 

"1 »*il l BC in any future work where the best results are desired." 

Three years later, J. S. Knowles, Superintendent of Lakeside Hospital, 
as under: 

"The work done in our hospital with Best Bros. Keene's Cement, con- 
g of wainscots windowstools, mantels and seats in the surgical amphitheatre, 
mding well and giving excellent satisfaction." 







Architects: Barnett, Haynes &. Barnett 



ST. JOHN'S HOSPITAL 

ST. LOUIS, MO. 

ST. JOHN'S Hospital is located in one of the finest residence sections of St. Louis. 
It is erected in the modern French style with a pleasing grace of outline com- 
bined with solidity of construction. 

The building is shaped like a widened "U", the lower or horizontal bar of 
the "U" having a central and two lateral projections, giving a pleasing and diver- 
sified appearance to the facade. It has a frontage of 239 feet, with two wings 
each 202 feet long. 

The exterior walls are faced with light grey brick and stone trimming, and the 
interior is plastered with Best Bros. Keene's Cement. 

The chief motif in design is the mam entrance, embellished with huge columns 
and cornices, which entrance leads into a spacious rotunda from either side of which 
broad staircases of Creole Marble with bronzed balustrades ascend through the five 
stories of the central building. 

All the corridors are laid in tile; all woodwork is highly polished birch mahog- 
any, and the floors of the rooms are polished maple. 

The private rooms, each furnished in an individual manner, are arranged singly 
and en suite, with private bathrooms as desired. 

The building contains four large wards and three smaller ones, also six oper- 
ating rooms each with its own equipment. The structure is strictly fireproof and is 
provided with every requirement of a modern hospital. 



This hospital was plastered with 
Best Bros. Keene's Cement 



Page Fifteen 



Residences 



THE relative importance of plastering in a new residence is seldom fully real- 
ized. In an average room it will be found that 60 r <- of the interior surface 
consists of plastered walls and ceilings. The condition of the plastering is 
therefore one of the biggest factors in the comfort and satisfaction that an owner 
derives from his new home, and on its appearance will often depend the impres- 
sion — favorable or otherwise — that a residence makes on guests and visitors. 

There is no economy in cheap plastering; poorly finished walls, showing 
cracks or disintegration, detract from the value of the building many times more 
than was saved in the first case. It is true economy to use good materials, care- 
fully applied by competent workmen. 

If a building is properly constructed on adequate foundations. Best Bros. 
Keene's Cement may be used with the assurance that the plastering will remain 
in good condition and will give satisfactory service as long as any other part of 
the building. 

The durability of Best Bros. Keene's Cement is well shown by the fact that 
it is standard practice with many architects to specify this material for the bath- 
rooms and kitchens of residences, even though some other plaster is to be used for 
the general finish. Is it not worth the slight extra cost to have this hard service 
material used throughout the building, and secure the permanent satisfaction of 
good plastering? 

While Best Bros. Keene's Cement will stand considerable exposure to mois- 
ture, it is not hydraulic, and where it is desired to wash the walls, particularly 
the wainscot portion, the same should either be painted or enamelled. Both the 
smooth white finish and the sand, or granulated finish in Keene's Cement offer an 
excellent base for painting or enamelling, and whenever necessary the wall can be 
gone ovei with a damp cloth, thus bringing out the colors in all their original 
freshness. 



Wall papei i- considered insanitary by some authorities, yet it is still largely 
used for decorative purposes, and in many cases an expensive paper is spoilt by the 
disintegration of the common plaster to which it is applied. It is unnecessary to 

.all paper over a k ment finish but, if such treatment is desired, the 

owner can depend upon the most satisfactory results. 

Bros. Keene'l Cement throughout for the plastering, and obtain 
in your new home the pleasure and satisfaction that you have a right to expect. 







CM \s \ | | v RESIDENT I 

MINNI KPi >i I- \iin\ 






Till r« 

I 
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i 

1 



' 



Churches 



THE suitability of Best Bros. Keene's Cement for all forms of decorative 
plastering has long been recognized by architects. It is only natural that 
it should have been used extensively for the interior finish of many splendid 
churches, as in no other class of building are decorative effects more carefully 
considered. 

Paintings or frescoes, even of the most delicate colors, may be safely applied 
over a finish of Best Bros. Keene's Cement. There is no danger of fading or 
staining, as the material contains no acid or free chemicals. 

Castings and mouldings executed in Best Bros. Keene's Cement possess a 
most desirable strength and richness of texture — the comers and edges of the 
castings are clean and sharp, and will withstand blows that would speedily 
chip or scar ordinary casts. It is pre-eminently the material to use for the enrich- 
ment of columns, bases, capitals, and panelled walls and ceilings. 

Keene's Cement forms the principal ingredient of Caen Stone, Travertine 
Stone and the other popular finishes of this type, which have been used widely 
during the last few years in many important buildings. Three of the best known 
brands of Caen Stone Finish on the market to-day are made from Best Bros. 
Keene's Cement. 

For the Art Marble work so often seen in the columns and pilasters of churches 
and public buildings, special grades of Keene's Cement are made. These grades 
are very slow-setting, to permit the necessary manipulation of the cement and 
coloring matter: they become extremely hard and durable, and can be brought 
to a highly polished surface. Good materials are essential in Art Marble work, 
but in no other class of plastering does the personal element contribute so largely 
to the result, and the importance of securing the most competent workmen avail- 
able cannot be over-emphasized. 



In 1903, Best Bros. Keene's Cement was used for plastering the Convent 
of Perpetual Adoration at Clyde, Mo, In specifying the same material for some 
additions erected over a decade later, the architect, Rev. P. Lukas, wrote us 
as follows: — 

"Best Bros. Keene's Cement gauged with lime makes a perfect plastering 
material. As it does not contain any ingredients injurious to either metal lath or 
decorative effects, it cannot be too highly recommended for fine churches. The 
magnificent mosaic pictures in our chapel would not appear so superb if the 
plastering material had not permitted a perfect job in every respect." 



Page Eighteen 




Architect: Henry J. Schlacks 



ST. ADALBERT'S CHURCH 

CHICAGO, ILL. 

IN PLAN and interior arrangement, St. Adalbert's Church is a counterpart of San 
Paolo Fuore le Mura at Rome, Italy. The extreme length of the church is 195 feet 
and the width 112 feet, while the two towers are each 186 feet high. The church 
seats 1800 people, all of whom have a full view of the sanctuary and side altars. 
The building is absolutely fireproof, is heated by concealed radiation and has a 
specially designed system of semi-indirect lighting, mainly from the lower cornice. 
The exterior of the building is faced with buff colored brick trimmed with ornamental 
Terra Cotta. 

The most noticeable feature of the church is the splendid decorative effect pro- 
duced by the extensive use of both natural and artificial marble, the altars, all of which 
were made in Italy, being particularly deserving of mention. The main altar, 43 
feet high and entirely of marble, is designed on the lines of the celebrated Venetian 
altars in the Jesuit Church in Venice. Two side altars, 22 feet high, and of solid 
marble, are reproductions of the famous altar in Breccia, North Italy. The transept 
altar contains a full size duplicate in marble of Michael Angelo's "Pieta" now in 
St. Peters, Rome. The sculptor made a special journey to Rome and made a plaster 
cast of the original statue so that his reproduction might be perfect. 

The nave, 65 feet wide, the same in height and 170 feet long, is flanked by 
scaqliola columns which form a beautiful colonnade and are a decorative feature 
of the church. 



Best Bros. Keene's Cement used for 
wainscot and decorative plastering 



Page Nineteen 



Hotels, Clubs, Apartments 



IN ANY building intended to serve either temporarily or permanently in place 
of a home, the appearance of the plastering is of the first importance. The 

average guest seldom gives much thought to the plastering of an hotel — if it is 
good — yet nothing will prejudice him against an offered room more quickly than 
a disfigured wall or ceiling. 

This is equally true in the case of apartments. The refinements of modern 
construction have led tenants to expect and demand the best of everything, and 
anyone who has to pay the high rental asked for a modern apartment will not be 
attracted by a suite of rooms in which the plastering is scarred, fallen or cracked. 

There are many places in hotels, clubs and apartments where Best Bros. 
Keene's Cement can be used to advantage. 

Its adaptability to decorative treatment makes it suitable for the interior finish 
of the lobbies, dining rooms and other parts of the building where an ornamental 
effect is desired. 

For use in the bedrooms, it not only offers a strong, durable finish, but also 
presents an excellent base over which to apply either paint or wall paper — which- 
ever form of decoration is preferred. 

In the bathrcoms it can be used as a wainscoting in place of tiling: it will give 
long and satisfactory service, and costs much less than tiling. When enamelled, 
a Keene's Cement wainscot can be washed as often as desired. 

The durability of Best Bros. Keene's Cement makes it particularly suitable 
for use in kitchens, subways, elevator shafts and corridor wainscots. Wherever 
the plastering is subjected to hard usage, it Is customary for the architect to specify 
Keene's Cement. It- u-e is attended by a gratifying freedom from the annoyance 
and expense of repairs. 

Best Bros. Keene's Cement is not recommended as being absolutely trouble- 
proof: unless a building is properly constructed, no plastic material will withstand 
the resulting strains, but we do claim that it will give longer and more satisfactory 
e than other plastering materials. 

The increasing use of Keene's Cement for over three-quarters of a century, 

tly higher cosl i- due to recognition of its superior qualities. It 

uld be remembered also that this record is based on the satisfactory service 

that ( emenl has given when used in the very places where ordinary 

plaster so often faik 







At i.ii. <u: Trowbridge & Livingston 



NEW PALACE HOTEL 

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 

THE, new Palace Hotel was erected on the site of the old hotel which w.«s 
destroyed in the conflagration of April, 1906. On account of its location in 
the heart of the business district of San Francisco, it was essential that it should 
be a building practical in all its details and it is arranged with unusually large res- 
taurants to accommodate great numbers of customers at luncheon. 

The building covers a whole city block, and is built on four sides of a court 
which is covered over by an ornamental glass dome at the level of the second floor. 
The exterior of the building is of simple design and follows the style of the Italian 
Renaissance. As it was advisable that no cornice or heavy members of great pro- 
jection be used, the architectural effect was obtained chiefly by careful fenestration, 
the facade being divided into bays by slight vertical projections in the brickwork. 

In place of the cornice, a decorative iron balcony was placed at the seventh 
floor, with a colored ornamental terra cotta cheneaux at the roof line. The first story 
of the building is of Utah limestone and the upper stories are of face brick and 
terra cotta. In designing the steel work of the structure particular attention was given 
to bracing the columns so as to resist vibration. 



Best Bros. Keene's Cement used for 
plastering this building 



. 



T 



HE following opinions, from various text books on plastering, show the 
high esteem in which Keene's Cement is held by the authorities on this 
subject. 

PLASTERING, PLAIN AND DECORATIVE (1905) 
By Wm. Millar. 

"KEENE'S CEMENT . . . This cement is capable of being worked 
to a very hard and beautiful surface, which takes a brilliant polish. It is largely 
used for internal decorations, columns and architraves, and also forms an extremely 
hard plaster for walls, skirtings, etc. It can be painted on or papered within a 
few hours of being finished." 

LIMES, CEMENTS, MORTARS, ETC. (1887) 
By Ceorgc R. Bumell, C. £. 

"Among the best of these Inventions is, without exception, the Keene's Cement, 
w Inch is capable of being worked to a very hard and beautiful surface 
The Keene's Cement is, in fact, a very beautiful plaster." 

MORTARS, PLASTERS, STUCCOS (1906) 

By Fred T. Hodgson, O. A. A. 

"Keene's Cement is one of the most useful of the artificial cements. It is 
harder than the other kinds . . . and is much used for pilasters, columns, 
etc., as it . . . can be polished, and takes paint excellently." 

GYPSUM IN 1915 
(U. S. CcoL Survey — Mineral Resources.) 

"Keene's Cement is slower in setting than ordinary Gypsum plaster, but when 
if much harder ... It differs from ordinary Gypsum wall plasters 
in method of manufacture, time of setting, and superior hardness." 



We have spent twenty- 
C tment to its 

and the experience and rep- 
have acquired in that period 
material shipped under our 




eight years in bringing Best 
present state of perfection, 
utation for quality that we 
stand behind every sack of 
brand. 



. ■ ty tUO 







\l w i NION STA1 H >\ 






. 



Dm oh ... m | 

i> III. J Ulhhv 







Architects: Starr ett 4 Van Vleck 



LORD AND TAYLOR STORE 

NEW YORK, N. Y. 

Best Bros. Keene's Cement used as a Travertine Stone 
Finish for columns and ceilings 



MADE IN FOUR GRADES 

Best Bros. Keene's "REGULAR" — used for all general plastering and finishing 
purposes. 

Best Bros. Keene s "FINE" — used for castings, running mouldings, finishing columns 
and other ornamental plastering, also extensively employed in the manufacture 
of Caen Stone and Travertine Stone finishes. 

Best Bros. Keene's "COARSE"— used for backing up Art Marble. 

Be»t Bros. Keene's "SUPERFINE"— used for facing Art Marble. 



Best Bros. Keene's Cement 
"The Plaster that stands hard knocks' 



Page Twenty-four 




Architects: Reed &. Stem and Warren & Wetmore 

MICHIGAN CENTRAL TERMINAL 

DETROIT, MICH. 



Best Bros. Keene's Cement used for 
general plastering above main floor 



SENT FREE ON REQUEST 

A copy of our new booklet on 

Specifications and Directions for the use of 
Best Bros. Keene's Cement 



The most comprehensive work of reference on Keene's Cement that has yet 
been published. 



Page Twenty-five 




x *&j Am w 



Thos. W. Lamb 



STRAND THEATRE 

NEW YORK CITY 

Stl «- Strand J beatre hai become 
us as a pi< ' i of the higl ad to-day il is probably one 

of the best known houses of its kind in the country. Its unusual size and beauti- 
ful architectural treatment create an excellent impreafion oo its audience. Il 
of the largest theatres ad ita equipment would permit it to be used 

for any theatrical production. 



\ll ornamental work on the side walls of the lobby, on the proscenium 
iambs and around tht proscenium boxes was executed in Best Kros. keene's 
(dement. 







Architect: J. Milton Dyer 



FIRST NATIONAL BANK 

CLEVELAND, OHIO 

THE style of architecture of The First National Bank is an adaptation of the 
Roman classic, pink Milford Granite being used in its execution, with doors and 

window frames of bronze. The columns, 62 feet high and over 6 feet in diam- 
eter, enclosing the three stories on the front elevation, in reality form the order for a 
seven story building, the six upper stories being arranged about an inner court above 
the ceiling light of the main banking room. The sculptural groups over the first story 
openings were executed by the late Karl Bitter, and represent Agriculture, Commerce 
and Science. 

The main banking room, 85 feet by 66 feet, has walls of Bassville marble ex- 
tending to a height of 30 feet, and a colonnade of monolithic marble columns of 
the same height encloses the bronze banking cages. Above the marble walls is a 
decorative plaster cornice extending to the ceiling. 

The entire building is devoted to the uses of the Bank, including, besides the 
vaults, officers' and directors' rooms and clerical space, a printing office and bindery, 
and dining and recreation rooms. 

The basement of the building has recently been finished in a very attractive 
adaptation of Egyptian architecture, and houses the First Trust and Savings Bank. 



Best Bros. Keene's Cement used for 
plastering the above building 



Page Twenty-seven 



A Partial List of Buildings Wherein Best Bros. 




keene' 


s Cement Has Been Used 
FEDERAL BUILDINGS 


■a inti\(.> 


i.(m \ nova \ic< in i m n 




. 
















< Elliott Wo 






.v i 










'■' 






.V. 1 1 








E a m f • h .v > 




i 




1 


LT . 8. ( 






nmi m 






i> ii Burnham 












i 






' 






1 i 












[ 




































■ 


















1 


















i 










1 




81 \i I v\i> pi BUC B1 ll.UIV 




II ll M 


| 1 IOW Mill* |v 
















in. 


' 












4 



STATE AND 


PUBLIC BUILDINGS— Continued 


lt( ELDDfOf 


E4M ATION8. 


\1C( HUM In 




To] 




Mem* 








. 


Ion 






Hud 'ii 


) 




Olal C H 




-m 


H I. C. B 






1 1 






1 1 


Otti 




< ;<-n< INI 1 '-.ii ni •, < " II 




'■' 


C ii 


'I r | 


I II 


Poblli Ubi ••■ | 


I 




Public Llbrai , 


• bl 




Ail In tltUtl 


CblCOfO, 111 




Walk- r iimiHli Llbrftl ; 


. 




Zoological Building 


u phlli 




iloni 






ii . 






Cltj Ball 






ourt, P << Build 






schools, COLLEGES, 


El 1 


III II.IHN. 


i.oi \ noNi 


mi 1 1 • n 








l] 


Bull 




bool 


' 




ool 


I 




III; | 


i: 




HI 1 






Law ol 


Bin 










iOl 


pnin M 






i .. ■ 




sit. i. -ii s, hool 






,ol 






Hutchinson Higfa s. hool 






Kokoi 1 | 








I'm ■ 




Loral lo \. M. in ■. 


1 




mnaotum, i ndlan i 






u i ihtngton i i 


Bl 1 U M 


' ' 








' 


1 11 

BANKS 


• 


1(1 IMHN 


mm \ noNs, 


III 1 1 1 In 


























Ohio National Bani 






Uonal Baal 






\ , ■ 








N 




ink 












Jo!-. 






Bull 












I r i 


1 
















Illinois Trust I 










> 









• 



m 



OFFICE AND BUSINESS 


BUILDINGS 


BUELDIXG8. 


JAH ATIONS. 


ARCHITECTS. 


r Building 


.Camden, N l 


linger A: P< 




..: 


... .J. W. McKecknip 


Hearst Building 




. . . Kirby, Petit 


Santa Fe Office Building 


.Topeka, Kai. 


.... Root A 


Whitehall Building 


fork, N Y 


... .Clinton & Ru« 


Wanamaker Building 


.Philadelphia. Pa 


. . . .D. H. Burnb. 


Butler Bros. Building 


1 . 


. . D. H. Burnh. 


Times Building 




. . . .Frye & Chesterman 


Nurvell-Shapleigh Building 


. luie, Mo.. . 


Weber A Gn 


Welnstock-Lubin Building. 




M< yet A O'Brien 


Hamilton-Brown Building 


lis, Mo. 


. . H. E Roach «v 


New Equitable Building . . 




i. a l leajardtnea 




a, Ohio . . 


. . . a Inert Pretxlnger 


29th S Uni 




.) H Morgan 




.. 




Glmi tuilding. . . 




1 1 h Bui Dham 1 I !o. and Clin- 
ton 1 


Gloyd Building 




... .J. W McKecknie 


Bell Telephone Building 




Prank Weston 


Straus Studio. . 


51 1 lOUia, -M • 


Louis Mullgardt 


Peoi Building 


LgO, 111. - ■ 


. . . .D. H. Burnham A Co. 


The Ward-Corby Co. Building.... 


ago, 111 


■ ' 1 i. 1 


Pioneer Building 


e, Wash. . 


a wetheraham 


Pope Building 


i 




Wainwright Building 


lis, Ifo 


. . . Adlei , Sullh an <v Han. - 


Benoiat Building .... 




. . . .John D. Paul us 


i.ird Building 

Arcade Building 




. .Arthur Yinal 


.Dayton. Ohio 


r M Andr< 


Fifth Ave. Office Building 




i anke 


F. T. Crov. Offic< 




i >.n mei A Cut1 Ing 


Riebold Building 

Foxcroft Building 






.San 1 


P. Jl. M 


Pillsbury Building 


.San I 


M- Yi ri A Ward 


Monadnock Building 




M< . r A 0*Bi i- ii 


Pacific Building 






McDonough Building 


■ 


. Win. rurlett 






H 


mercial Building 




Lev le P Hoi 


Walker Building 




B< i i. A iCi Ddal 


Strickland 


. 


H H. 11 - 






ii a Raapk< 


The Ben;. tiding 


- 


ii. trd A Caldwell 


Inga Building 







Marquette Bull.) 

Kan : g 


_;0, HI 






Hunt 


HOTELS, 


CLUBS, APARTMENTS 


Bl ELDDfGB. 


LOCATIONS. 


\L< IIITKCTS. 


Kimball Hotel .» 


y -• 


. Samuel G • 




po 


bjik If. Andi 


Hotel Roanoke 




ri. rson 


Hotel Cas- 


. 


McKendt rheea &. Gmelin 


Ritz 


N Y 


Wa 


Jeff< • 


Ho. 


Barn< tt, H. nett 


■ 




.1 .l«-ff< rv 1 >. 








i 


N ^ 


) . 


Alg- 


TtLBh 


i. l. Rand 




• 1 


< »ra C. Pit i 






P K Edl 




:.: 








Rutan A Ruasell 




. 


■ 






D H. Burn! 










.11 • Mi 




• 111 




Jr. 








■ 




irtln 






.... Doi 



. 



HOTELS, CLUBS, APARTMENTS— Continued 

BULDlNtv LOCATIONS. ARCHITECTS. 

Warren Chambers Boston, Mass Ball & Dainty 

Belview Apartments Dayton, Ohio C. I. Williams 

North State Parkway Apts Chicago, 111 Marshall & Fox 

Courtland Apartments Lynchburg, \"a A, Chesterman 

Perry Apartments Seattle, Wash Somerville & Cote 

Beln.ird Apartments New York, X. Y H, Hobart Weeks 

Alwyii Cuurt Apartments New York, N. Y Harde & Shorte 

Astor Court Apartments New York, N. Y Chas. A. Piatt 

HOSPITALS, MUSEUMS, ETC. 

BUILDINGS LOCATIONS. AR4 IIITECTS. 

Buffalo Historic Socletj Building. .Buffalo, N. Y Geo. I 

Albright Art Gallery Buffalo, N. Y Green & Wicks 

St. Luke's Hospital . Cleveland, Ohio K \\ st i [ebinger 

Montgomery Hospital Eau Claire. Wis C. L. Brown 

North West Turner Hall St. Louis, Mo John D. Paulus 

Veterinary College Detroit. Mich Nettleton. Kahn & Trowbridge 

Lying-in Hospital St. Louis, Mo J. H. Randall 

Barnes Medical College St. Loui<=. Mo J. B. Legg & Co. 

Methodist Orphan Homes .St. Louis, Mo T. B. Hannan & Son 

Monticello Seminary Godfrey, 111 . Link & Rosenheim 

Lakeside Hospital Cleveland. Ohio G. H. Smith 

St. Elizabeth H< spltal Dayton, Ohio J. E. Kinninger 

West Tuberculosis Infirmary New York City R. P. Almirall 

Rensselaer Polytech. Inst Troy. N. Y Lawlor & Haase 

St. Mary's Sanitarium Pueblo, Colo P. Mills 

Sacred Heart Hospital Spokane, Wash Albert Held 

Jefferson Hospital Roanoke, Va Miller & Mahood 

St. Francis Hospital Pittsburgh, Pa S. F. Heckert 

New German Hospital San Francisco. Cal Herman Barth 

Hahnemann Hospital San Francisco, Cal Meyers & Ward 

Santa Fe R. R. Hospital Los Angeles, Cal W. H. Mohr 

Elliott Memorial Hospital Minneapolis, Minn Wm. M. Kenyon 

Psychopathic Hospital Boston, Mass Kendall, Taylor & Co. 

St. John's Hospital St. Louis, Mo Barnett, Haynes & Barnett 

Hillman Hospital Birmingham, Ala Chas. Wheelock & Son 

St. Vincent Hospital .Birmingham, Ala T. M. Walters 

St. Elizabeth Hospital Lincoln, Neb James Tyler, Jr. 

Provincial Mental Hospital Mt. Coquitlam. B. C H. S. Griffith 

Home for Indigent Philadelphia, Pa Phillip H. Johnson 

Montefiore Home for Jew ish People. New York City Buchman & Fox 

State Hospital for Insane Chattahoochee, Fla Bishop & Greer 

Barnes Hospital St. Louis, Mo. Then < ' Link 

Children's Hospital St. Louis, Mo. Mauran, Russell & Crowell 

Measles Hospital New York < "ity W. E. Austin 

Norwich Hospital for Insane Norwich, Conn Cudworth & Woodworth 

Mt, St. Mary's Hospital Niagara Falls, N. Y W. P. Ginther 

Mount Zion Hospital San Francisco, Cal J. E. Krafft & Sons 

Santa Fe R. R. Hospital Mulvane, Kans Jno. Yonkers 

Sarah Morris Hospital for Children .Chicago, 111 Schmidt, Garden & Martin 

Urological Hospital ...Baltimore, Md .Archer & Allen 

Louisville Public Hospital... Louisvile, Ky D. X. Murphy & Bro. 

Columbia Hospital Washington, D. C N C Wyeth 

Munson State Hospital Palmer, Mats Kendall, Taylor & Co. 

Municipal Tuberculosis Hospital ... Detroit, Mich Louis Kamper 

St. Mary's Hospital .Philadelphia, Pa Ballinger & Perrot 

Christian Church Hospital . . . Kansas City, Mo, Henry F, Hoit 

University of Virginia Hospital ...Charlottesville, Va Paul J. Peltz and Walter D. 

Blair 

Illinois Central Hospital. Chicago, 111 Schmidt, Garden & Martin 

Detroit Receiving Hospital Detroit. Mich I. Scott & Co. 

Rochester Dental Dispensary Rochester, N. Y Gordon & Madden and William 

Kaelbar 

STATIONS, THEATERS CHURCHES 

BUILDINGS. LOCATIONS. ARCHITECTS. 

New Union Station Kansas City, Mo. la i \ is II unt 

Michigan Central Terminal Detroit, Mioh Reed & Stem and Warren & 

Wetmore 



Page Thirty -one 



STATIOxNS, THEATERS, CHURCHES— Continued 




B87HJHNG& 


LOCATIONS. 


ARCHITECTS. 




A. T. & S. F. Station 


San Diego, Cal 


Bakewell & Brown 




Union Passenger Station 


Tampa, Flu. 


J. F. Leitner 




ation 


. 1 . 


Jarvie Hunt 




n Station 


.Pittsburgh, Pa 


. . D. H. Burnham ^ 




■ a] Station 


.Chicago, 111. 


A. H Low den 




C. & N. W. Station 


.Chicago, HI. 


Frosl ft Granger 




D. L. & W. Terminal 


J. . . . 


Kenneth M. Murdiison 




Hudson Terminal Building 


N«.w Yi. ik, H. Y 


. . < "limun A Russell 




U. P. Headquarters Building..... 


.Omaha, Nebr 


Jar\ is Hunt 




Merchants Loft Bldg., Grand Cen 


- 






tral Terminal 


X Y. 


Reed A Stem and Warren 

Wet more 




phony Auditorium 


.Newark, N. J 


M< Murray & Pulis 




Strand Theater 


.New York, N. Y . . 


>£ W. Lamb 




Masonic Temple 


i 


John Batschy 






t, Mo 

.Chicago, 111 


. It. B. Blaekwuod 
J. ESberson 




Victoria Theater 


Rlalto Theater 


\ Y . 


Thos. W. Lamb 




Church Latter Day Saints 


. Indepti 


Jas. (Jliv er Hogg 




St. Adalbert's Church 


.Chicago, 111 


Henry J Bchlacka 




2nd X'ian Science Church 




Cram, <; lhu<- ^- Ferguson 




Lutheran German School 


.St. Louis, Mo 


Albert Knell 




Evangelical Jesus Church 


.St. Louts, Mo 


Ernest He.-> 




Norwegian Lutheran Church 


.Tacoma. Was 


Woodruff & Constable 




Central Christian Church 


.Wichita. K,. 


C D. Hunby 




Sacred Heart Convent 


.St. Louis, Mo 


J , H McNamarra 




Irving Park Methodist Church... 


.Chicago, III, 


Jl B. \Vhcelo(k 




Benedictine Convent of Perpetual 








Adoration 


Clyde, 11 


Rev. P. Lukas 




Convent of the Visitation 


.St. Louis. Mo 


Barnett, Haynes & Barnett 




St. Paul Church and Parsonage. . 


.St. Louis, M. 


''has F. Money 




St. Cecilia's Church 


.Englewood, N. J. 


T. H. Poole A: CO. 






RESIDENCES 




OWNERS 


LOCATIONS. 


ARCHITECTS. 




ry Ford 


. Dearborn, Mi' b 


\V H. Van Tine 




H. I. Cobb 


.Chicago, 111 


1: 




Adolphus Busch ... 


.St. Louis, Mo 


Widmann, Walsh ft Boisselier 


C. G. Powers . . 


.Decatur, 111 


R. O. 1 




Spreckel's House 




Reid I 




Jos. Grant 


.San Fr 


Hiss A Weeks 




Horace H. Irvine ... 


.St. Paul, Minn 


Wm - Whitney 




Samuel Insull 


. Liberty ville, Mo- . . . 


Marshall ft Fos 




Wooster Lambert 


.St. Louis, Mo 


Mauran, Russell ft Crowell 




Geo. M. Reynold - 


.Chicago, 111 


Marshal >v Fox 




F. E. Woodruff 


.Binghamton. N V 


E. Vosbury 




C. Q. Chandler 


. Wichita, Kans 


r. <; « hs 




C. C. Perry 


Indianapolis, Ind. .. 


D. A. 1 








\ B Miller 




J. McDonough 


.Denver, Colo 


). ]: Bern die! 




J. Ogden Armour 


.Chicago, III 


Arthur Heun 




R. A. Long ... 


.Kansas City, Mo. .. 


H. F 




A. T. Hurt . . . 


.Louisville, K. 


Loomia &. Hartman 




John A. Garver 


Bay, I- i. 


■ neon ft wi. 




J. L. Lo<»-. 


Mo 


J - mene 




J. A. Aylor 


. Mo. . . 


Sheppard ft Farrar 




G. W. Baylor 


\ .i 


Mlllei .v Mahood 




Col. Wm. E. Hughes 


.St. Louis, M< 


Maui ft Crowell 




Chester I. Long 




M. 1'. Murdock 




- 




Pi I ■ -\ ' Ihestl rinan 




R H. McCord 


Mo. 


.Henry F. Holt 




B M< ''-i-mick Blair 


1 , 


Arthur Heun 




J. L. Johnson 


Wichita, Kans 


a. s. Com 




Pillsbury. 


.Minneapolis, Minn. . 


• He\Mit A: Bruwn 




August A. Busch 


Grants Farm, Mo... 


W'ildmann <fc Walsh 








est. isae 










/^™m 






(Keenes(ement] 




















TRADE MARK 



Thirty-two